The island of Bali, like most of the islands of the Indonesian archipelago, has a very interesting geography. The formation of the island is the result of the direct tectonic subduction of the Indo-Australian plate under the larger Eurasian plate. This under earth activity has led to some fantastic geographical features such as the formation of the highest volcano on the island, the still extremely active -volcano Mount Agung, which stands at 3,142 m (10,308 ft) and is referred to by the Balinese as “the holy mother temple”. The island is incredibly fertile due to the thick deposits of volcanic ashes in the soil, and this factor has been a strong factor in the islands agricultural prosperity. Bali is an integral part of the republic of Indonesia and is only about eight degrees south of the equatorial centre in the Indian Ocean; the island is located to the east of Java and north- west of Australia.
Bali covers an area of only, 632 square kilometers (2,175 square miles) and measures just 55 miles (90 kilometers) North to South and less than about 90 miles (140 kilometers) from East to West. For a comparison that’s about the size of Wales in the United Kingdom. The Island has lush jungle, rice fields, huge lakes, and both black sand and white sand beaches. Bali is surrounded on all sides by the Indian Ocean, and has rich ancient marine deposits and as a result, impressive tropical coral reefs. Bali still has the occasional smaller earthquake but is not prone to the same destruction or problems seen in Banda Ache or elsewhere in central Java. The size of Bali means that is easy to see the whole island on a conventional two week holiday. Also its proximity to Australia has meant that Bali has seen a rise in profits, investment and living standards as more and more tourists visit Bali every year to marvel at its geography, culture and beauty.